Research Horizons


Rising Prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Children and Adolescents

A major study published in JAMA reveals an alarming increase in diabetes prevalence among our nation’s youth.

The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study was conducted by experts from nine research institutions. Lawrence Dolan, MD, Director, Division of Endocrinology at Cincinnati Children’s, was among the senior co-authors.

The study showed that the overall prevalence of type 2 diabetes between 2001 and 2009 increased by 30.5% among youth aged 10 to 19 years. Increases occurred in white, Hispanic, and black youth, but no changes were reported among Asian Pacific Islander and American Indian youth.

Several factors may be contributing to the rise in type 2 diabetes. They include rising rates of obesity, minority population growth, exposure to diabetes in utero, and perhaps rising exposures to endocrine-disrupting chemicals.

Increased awareness of type 2 diabetes in youth may also be contributing to increased diagnosis.

Meanwhile, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes increased 21.1% among US youth. Increases were observed in both sexes; in white, black, Hispanic, and Asian Pacific Islander youth; and in those aged 5 years or older.

See coverage in the New York Times

Publication Information
Original title: : Prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Children and Adolescents From 2001 to 2009
Published in: JAMA
Publish date: May 7, 2014
Read the study

Research By

Lawrence Dolan, MD
Division of Endocrinology